Also known as: Glibenclamide
Glimsug is used along with diet and exercise, and sometimes with other medications, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Glimsug is in a class of medications called sulfonylureas. Glimsug lowers blood sugar by causing the pancreas to produce insulin (a natural substance that is needed to break down sugar in the body) and helping the body use insulin efficiently. This medication will only help lower blood sugar in people whose bodies produce insulin naturally. Glimsug is not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) or diabetic ketoacidosis (a serious condition that may occur if high blood sugar is not treated).
Over time, people who have diabetes and high blood sugar can develop serious or life-threatening complications, including heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, nerve damage, and eye problems. Taking medication(s), making lifestyle changes (e.g., diet, exercise, quitting smoking), and regularly checking your blood sugar may help to manage your diabetes and improve your health. This therapy may also decrease your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes-related complications such as kidney failure, nerve damage (numb, cold legs or feet; decreased sexual ability in men and women), eye problems, including changes or loss of vision, or gum disease. Your doctor and other healthcare providers will talk to you about the best way to manage your diabetes.
Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:
Standard Glimsug: -Initial dose: 2.5 mg to 5 mg orally once a day -Dose titration: Increase in increments of no more than 2.5 mg at weekly intervals based upon blood glucose response -Maintenance dose: 1.25 to 20 mg orally as a single dose or in divided doses -Maximum dose: 20 mg/day Micronized Glimsug: -Initial dose: 1.5 mg to 3 mg orally once a day -Dose titration: Increase in increments of no more than 1.5 mg at weekly intervals based upon blood glucose response -Maintenance dose: 0.75 to 12 mg orally as a single dose or in divided doses -Maximum dose: 12 mg/day Comments: -Administer with breakfast or the first main meal of the day -Lower initial doses may be used in patients who are sensitive to hypoglycemic drugs -Once a day therapy is generally satisfactory, however, some patients may have a more satisfactory response with twice-a-day dosing, especially those receiving higher doses. TRANSFER FROM OTHER HYPOGLYCEMIC THERAPY: -Oral Antidiabetic Therapy: No exact dosage relationships exists between standard Glimsug, micronized Glimsug, or other oral hypoglycemic agents; when transferring patients from other oral hypoglycemic therapy, the maximum starting doses should be observed. -Insulin: --If the insulin dose is less than 20 units per day substitute 2.5 to 5 mg (standard) OR 1.5 to 3 mg (micronized) orally once a day. --If the insulin dose is between 20 and 40 units per day, substitute 5 mg (standard) OR 3 mg (micronized) orally once a day. --If the insulin dose is more than 40 units per day; transition the patient by concomitantly decreasing insulin by 50% and starting Glimsug at 5 mg (standard) OR 3 mg (micronized) orally once a day; as insulin is progressively withdrawn, titrate in increments of 1.25 to 2.5 mg (standard) OR 0.75 to 1.5 mg (micronized) orally once a day every 2 to 10 days. Use: As an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Usual Geriatric Dose for Diabetes Type 2:
Initial dose: 1.25 to 2.5 mg (standard) orally or 0.75 to 1.5 mg (micronized) orally once a day.
Detailed Glimsug dosage information
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. A Glimsug overdose can cause life-threatening hypoglycemia.
Symptoms of severe hypoglycemia include extreme weakness, nausea, tremors, sweating, confusion, trouble speaking, fast heartbeats, or seizure.
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).
It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org
Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA's Safe Disposal of Medicines website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.